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hmac: HMAC functions for nginx-module-lua and LuaJIT

Installation

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CentOS/RHEL 6, 7, 8 or Amazon Linux 2

yum -y install https://extras.getpagespeed.com/release-latest.rpm
yum -y install lua-resty-hmac

To use this Lua library with NGINX, ensure that nginx-module-lua is installed.

This document describes lua-resty-hmac v0.5 released on Sep 19 2020.


lua-resty-hmac - HMAC functions for ngx_lua and LuaJIT

Status

This library is still under active development and is considered production ready.

Description

This library requires an nginx build with OpenSSL, the ngx_lua module, and LuaJIT 2.0.

Synopsis

    # nginx.conf:

    server {
        location = /test {
            content_by_lua_file conf/test.lua;
        }
    }

    -- conf/test.lua:

    local hmac = require "resty.hmac"

    local hmac_sha1 = hmac:new("secret_key", hmac.ALGOS.SHA1)
    if not hmac_sha1 then
        ngx.say("failed to create the hmac_sha1 object")
        return
    end

    local ok = hmac_sha1:update("he")
    if not ok then
        ngx.say("failed to add data")
        return
    end

    ok = hmac_sha1:update("llo")
    if not ok then
        ngx.say("failed to add data")
        return
    end

    local mac = hmac_sha1:final()  -- binary mac

    local str = require "resty.string"
    ngx.say("hmac_sha1: ", str.to_hex(mac))
        -- output: "hmac_sha1: aee4b890b574ea8fa4f6a66aed96c3e590e5925a"

    -- dont forget to reset after final!
    if not hmac_sha1:reset() then
        ngx.say("failed to reset hmac_sha1")
        return
    end

    -- short version
    ngx.say("hmac_sha1: ", hmac_sha1:final("world", true))
        -- output: "hmac_sha1: 4e9538f1efbe565c522acfb72fce6092ea6b15e0"

Methods

To load this library,

  1. you need to specify this library's path in ngx_lua's lua_package_path directive. For example, lua_package_path "/path/to/lua-resty-hmac/lib/?.lua;;";.
  2. you use require to load the library into a local Lua variable:
    local hmac = require "resty.hmac"

new

syntax: local hmac_sha256 = hmac:new(key [, hash_algorithm])

Creates a new hmac instance. If failed, returns nil.

The key argument specifies the key to use when calculating the message authentication code (MAC). key is a lua string which may contain printable characters or binary data.

The hash_algorithm argument specifies which hashing algorithm to use (hmac.ALGOS.MD5, hmac.ALGOS.SHA1, hmac.ALGOS.SHA256, hmac.ALGOS.SHA512). The default value is hmac.ALGOS.MD5.

update

syntax: hmac_sha256:update(data)

Updates the MAC calculation to include new data. If failed, returns false.

The data argument specifies the additional data to include in the MAC. data is a lua string which may contain printable characters or binary data.

final

syntax: local mac = hmac_sha256:final([data, output_hex])

Finalizes the MAC calculation and returns the final MAC value. If failed, returns nil. When output_hex is not true returns a lua string containing the raw, binary MAC. When output_hex is true returns a lua string containing the hexadecimal representation of the MAC.

The data argument specifies the additional data to include in the MAC before finalizing the calculation. The default value is nil.

The output_hex argument specifies wether the MAC should be returned as hex or binary. If true the MAC will be returned as hex. The default value is false.

reset

syntax: hmac_sha256:reset()

Resets the internal hmac context so it can be re-used to calculate a new MAC. If failed, returns false. If successful, the key and hash_algorithm remain the same but all other information is cleared.

This MUST be called after hmac_sha256:final() in order to calculate a new MAC using the same hmac instance.

Prerequisites

This module is licensed under the BSD license.

Copyright (C) 2012-2020, Thought Foundry Inc.

All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

  • Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

  • Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

See Also

GitHub

You may find additional configuration tips and documentation for this module in the GitHub repository for nginx-module-hmac.

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