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pubsub: Lua Pubsub client driver for nginx-module-lua based on the cosocket API

Installation

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CentOS/RHEL 6, 7, 8 or Amazon Linux 2

yum -y install https://extras.getpagespeed.com/release-latest.rpm
yum -y install lua-resty-pubsub

To use this Lua library with NGINX, ensure that nginx-module-lua is installed.

This document describes lua-resty-pubsub v1.4 released on Apr 17 2021.


Lua Pubsub client driver for the ngx_lua based on the cosocket API.

lua module lua module License

Description

This Lua library is a Pubsub client driver for the ngx_lua nginx module: http://wiki.nginx.org/HttpLuaModule

This Lua library takes advantage of ngx_lua's cosocket API, which ensures 100% nonblocking behavior. This library pushes messages (with attributes) to Google Cloud pubsub using nginx timers and http requests.

Note that at least ngx_lua 0.9.3 or ngx_openresty 1.4.3.7 is required, and unfortunately only LuaJIT supported (--with-luajit).

Synopsis

    server {
        location = /publish {
            resolver 8.8.8.8 ipv6=off;

            content_by_lua_block {
                local cjson = require "cjson"
                local pubsub_producer = require "resty.pubsub.producer"
                local OAUTH_TOKEN = ngx.shared.OAUTH_TOKEN -- A different dictionary can also be provided

                -- A callback which will recieve messages if gets successfully sent
                -- Types of messages & err are a table
                local success_callback = function (topic, err, messages)
                    ngx.log(ngx.INFO, "Messages: ", cjson.encode(messages), " successfully pushed to topic: ", topic)
                end

                -- A callback which will recieve messages if gets failed
                -- Types of messages & err are a table
                local error_callback = function (topic, err, messages)
                    for _, message in ipairs(messages) do
                        ngx.log(ngx.ERR, "Failed to send Message : ", cjson.encode(message), " with err: ", cjson.encode(err))
                    end
                end

                local publish = function()

                    -- Pubsub Producer Config
                    local pubsub_config = {
                        project_id = "demo-project",
                        topic = "demo-topic",
                        pubsub_base_domain = "pubsub.googleapis.com",
                        pubsub_base_port = 443,
                        is_emulator = false,
                        producer_config = {
                            max_batch_size = 200, -- number of packets
                            max_buffering = 5000, -- max number of packets in buffer
                            timer_interval = 10000, -- in milliseconds
                            last_flush_interval = 5000, -- in milliseconds
                            http_timeout = 6000, -- in milliseconds
                            keepalive_max_idle_timeout = 2000, -- in milliseconds
                            keepalive_pool_size = 50
                        },
                        oauth_config = {
                            service_account_key_path = "/etc/key.json", -- Replace this with your own key path
                            oauth_base_uri = "https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v4/token",
                            oauth_scopes = {
                                "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/pubsub"
                            },
                            oauth_token_dict = OAUTH_TOKEN
                        },
                        success_callback = success_callback,
                        error_callback = error_callback
                    }

                    -- Create the producer object
                    -- No matter how many times you call new, the producer instance will always be generated once per topic per worker process
                    local producer, err = pubsub_producer:new(pubsub_config)

                    -- Also check if there is any error while initializing producer
                    if err ~= nil then
                        ngx.log(ngx.ERR, "Unable to create pubsub producer ", err)
                        return
                    end

                    -- Finally send the message with attributes.
                    local ok, send_err = producer:send("Some Random Text", {
                        attr1 = "Test1",
                        attr2 = "Test2"
                    })

                    -- Also check if there is any error while sending message
                    if send_err ~= nil then
                        ngx.log(ngx.ERR, "Unable to send data to pubsub: ", send_err)
                        return
                    end

                end

                -- Publish Message
                publish()
            }

        }
    }

Configs

Producer Configs

Property Data Type Description Default Value
project_id string Specifies the project id as a string of your Pub/Sub project none (Required)
topic string Specifies the topic in which the data needs to be send none (Required)
pubsub_base_domain string Specifies the base domain through which the http connection is made. pubsub.googleapis.com
pubsub_base_port number Specifies the base domain port through which the http connection is made. 443
is_emulator boolean Specifies a boolean value. true if you are communicating with. false
producer_config.max_batch_size number Specifies the max batch size that will be pushed to pubsub. 200
producer_config.max_buffering number Specifies the max size of the buffer which will hold the data for a specific duration of time. 5000
producer_config.timer_interval number (milliseconds) Specifies the time interval in which the stale messages in buffer are checked for publishing. 10000
producer_config.last_flush_interval number (milliseconds) Specifies the max interval between the last flush time and current time. Used when packets in buffer are less than the batch size for a longer period of time. 10000
producer_config.http_timeout number (milliseconds) Sets the timeout protection for subsequent operations, including the connect method. 5000
producer_config.keepalive_max_idle_timeout number (milliseconds) Used in httpc:set_keepalive which attempts to puts the current connection into the ngx_lua cosocket connection pool. 2000
producer_config.keepalive_pool_size number Used in httpc:set_keepalive which attempts to puts the current connection into the ngx_lua cosocket connection pool. 50
oauth_config.service_account_key_path string Specifies the path for service account key that are used to authenticate to pub/sub project. none (Required)
oauth_config.oauth_base_uri string Specifies the base uri to which request is made to Google authorization server for a token that will be used in subsequent requests. https://www.googleapis.com/oauth2/v4/token
oauth_config.oauth_scopes list of string Specifies a table comprising of OAuth 2.0 scopes that you might need to request to access Google APIs, depending on the level of access you need. {"https://www.googleapis.com/auth/pubsub"}
oauth_config.oauth_token_dict lua_shared_dict Specifies a shared memory zone across workers, to serve as a storage for the oauth token. ngx.shared.OAUTH_TOKEN
success_handler function This is a callback function which will be provided with all the messages with their attributes which are successfully pushed to pubsub. none (Optional)
error_handler function This is a callback function which will be executed when a batch fails. none (Optional)

Modules

resty.pubsub.producer

To load this module, just do this

    local producer = require "resty.pubsub.producer"

Methods

new

syntax: local p, err = producer:new(pubsub_config)

send

syntax: p:send(message, attributes)

  • Requires a message of type string and attributes of type table

TODO

  1. Pubsub Message Fetch API
  2. Add Unit Test Cases

Author

Vasu Gupta (vasu7052) https://github.com/Vasu7052.

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2020 Wingify Software Pvt. Ltd.

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

See Also

GitHub

You may find additional configuration tips and documentation for this module in the GitHub repository for nginx-module-pubsub.

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